Thursday, May 21, 2020

The Brief Wondrous Life Of Oscar Wao Essay - 1697 Words

Meaningless Lives In a relatively recent human history, the first European immigrants inadvertently commenced a state of hybridity between peoples of different racial categories. In addition, the strained and chained dislodgment of millions of indigenous Africans by white hegemony immensely added to the current racial hybridity of the Americas. Junot Diaz’s novel, The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao brilliantly illuminates the struggles of the immigrant as he tries to find a sense of belonging in a new environment whilst carrying a heavy, culturally inherited baggage that is part of an individual identity. In this particular case, Diaz applies the tyrannically darkened past of the Dominican Republic to address essential world issues implicating dictators, and their often invisible victims; superstations, and their often unexamined provenances. In the novel, The Brief Wondrous life of Oscar Wao, Junot Diaz uses his artistic and cultural lens as both Dominican and American; to subversively paint universal experiences relating to oppression, and superstitious beliefs. To begin with, oppression in various forms is depicted as a principle theme of the book. It is apparent in relationships in between the characters, and also between the foremost antagonist, Rafael Trujillo and the Dominican people. However, if Trujillo is presented as a primary antagonist, it is only fair to wonder whom the protagonist is, and in this essay, it is none other thanShow MoreRelatedThe Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao1111 Words   |  5 PagesIn Junot Diaz’s The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao, he is telling the story of a Dominican family but mainly about the son, Oscar de Leon. The book opens with the story of Oscar as a child and him having two girlfriends at the same time. The older people in town see him as a ladies man and encourage him. The boy and the two girls all break up and his life seemed to be on a steady decline since then. He grows up to become a nerdy, fat, and awkward adolescence with few friends and even less interestRead MoreThe Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao2284 Words   |  10 PagesMARY KORANTENG CO MIC SPIRIT IN AMERICA LITERATURE AND CULTURE JANUARY 20, 2012 INSTRUCTOR: MR. WAITHAKA The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao by Junot Diaz is about a Dominican family who lives in Paterson New Jersey and they have been through many tribulations in life. The theme I chose for my essay is Fuku and Love, in the novel these two themes were mainly the reason why the characters got their self in situationsRead MoreThe Brief Wondrous Life Of Oscar Wao1357 Words   |  6 PagesJunot Diaz’s The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao, set in the late 1900’s, tells a story of Oscar Wao, an overweight Dominican â€Å"ghetto nerd†, his mother and rebellious sister who live together in Paterson, New Jersey. Throughout the novel Diaz incorporates many different stories about each character that show acts of resistance. One of the most prominent stories of resistance in the novel is through Oscar’s mom; Beli, who is prompted by great tragedy, known as the Trujillo curse, to love atomicallyRead MoreAnalysis Of The Brief Wondrous Life Of Oscar Wao1200 Words   |  5 PagesThe Faceless Man Throughout Junot Diaz’s novel The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao, the Man Without a Face is a recurring character with no evident features. All of his scenes include an event in which he is either a mysterious spectator watching the distress around himself or joins in on the torture. His appearances throughout the story are suggestive of evil or violent incidents that are about to occur. More times than not, the acts are performed by Trujillo s men. Almost consistently, he emergesRead MoreThe Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao Essay3706 Words   |  15 Pagesone’s action. The curse even goes back to the time of Belicia’s father Abelard and forward. â€Å"Fukà º follows a family through generations and across oceans into different countries. Abelard a respected doctor with a happy wife and kids had a very good life and a warm home. He was very close with Trujillo’s partner el Jefà © always staying on his good side which was a good thing. Also he kept do dging the topic of his daughters. Worried Abelard couldn’t eat or sleep thinking that someoneRead MoreThe Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao: A Summary2349 Words   |  10 Pages In The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao, Junot Diaz tells the story of a family of Dominican immigrants, focusing primarily on the life of Oscar de Leà ³n, a descendant of the diaspora that directly experienced the horrors of the Trujillo regime of the mid 20th century. The de Leon family can’t seem to escape the fukà º, the seemingly eternal curse that has afflicted the new world for centuries. In order to tell Oscar’s story, Diaz uses the postmodern narrative to weave a story that is not only emotionallyRead MoreEssay about Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao1835 Words   |  8 PagesJeffrey Fisher Final Paper Eng 102 Professor Peterson Trujillo and the Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao is not a happy book. The Author, Junot Diaz, does a great job fooling the reader into believing the story is about the De Leon family, specifically Oscar who is an over weight nerd trying to find the love of his life, but due to a family â€Å"fuku† or curse Oscar is having a lot of trouble doing so. Instead, the story actually portrays the dark historyRead MoreJunot Diazs The Brief and Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao1940 Words   |  8 PagesLove and Violence The Brief and Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao, by Junot Diaz covers the issue of Love and Violence thoroughly throughout the book, and shows how anger and love influence the impulsive and reckless decisions the characters made. Searching for Zion, by Emily Raboteau on the other hand shows that love comes in different forms and may be easily misunderstood. Abelard, Belicia, Lola, and Emily show love can be a devastating force if not handled carefully and, could be very dangerous. As othersRead MoreExpectations of Dominican People in The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao709 Words   |  3 PagesIn The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao, the reader gets a sense of what the expectations are of Dominican men and women. Junot Dà ­az uses Oscar in contrast to the other male characters to present the expectations of the Dominican male. On the other hand, Dà ­az presents the women in the text, especially Belicia, La Inca, Lola, and Jenni, as strong characters in their own rights, but the male ch aracters, with the exception of Oscar, have a desire to display their masculinity to maintain power overRead MoreThe Elections Are Written By Tom Perrotta And The Brief Wondrous Life Of Oscar Wao877 Words   |  4 Pageswritten by Tom Perrotta and The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao was written by Junot Diaz. The two novels had many similarities and differences, but the one that stood out the most to me was the love affairs in both novels. As similar they were, they were completely different as well. The two characters go after someone they know they can’t have but their intentions of the relationship are quite different. The Election and The Brief Wondrous life of Oscar Wao both had typical high school love

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Why I Prefer Civil Engineering - 681 Words

I first started preparing myself for a career in architecture but later I realized that civil engineering was a more practical choice for me. After successfully entering the college of my choice for my undergraduate studies in civil engineering I realized that it was the perfect option. Civil engineering as I believe is the only field where one’s work can be seen and felt directly by the senses and anything done stays forever to the credit and it illustrates a magic power in effecting radical social and economic changes. Precisely this magic power fascinated me to take civil engineering as my scientific discipline. In this ever-changing world of Engineering and Technology, where each new day sees a spate of new concepts and applications and each passing day makes them obsolete, I want to attain the highest level of education and transcend new horizons in the chosen field. The vast application potential and tremendous scope for high career in civil engineering fascinated me and I am keen to continue my academic pursuit in this field. The undergraduate curriculum in Civil Engineering at Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad introduced me to a wide gamut of subjects, both in and outside the field. Various courses like Strength of Materials, Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures, Concrete Technology, Design of Steel Structures and Structural Analysis have provided me with a strong footing in the theoretical concepts of Civil Engineering. It was the field ofShow MoreRelatedWhy I Want For An Engineer1171 Words   |  5 PagesWhy I Want to be an Engineer Engineering has been of particular interest to me since I was an underclassman in high school. During sophomore year in high school, I participated in a program sponsored by the boy scouts of America called an engineering explorer post. The group met once a week at a different engineering firm or classroom at the Rochester Institute of Technology to learn about the different fields of engineering and their job. Through this program, I learned of my passion for civilRead More The Public Choice Essay1610 Words   |  7 Pagessystem, or in other words, schools funded by the government that are for anyone to attend. An accurate definition found in the Encyclopedia of American Education (1996) states: â€Å"Any elementary or secondary school under control of elected or appointed civil authority, supported entirely by public tax monies, and, with few exceptions, open to all students in a designated district, free of any tuition charges.† (780) These include elementary, secondary schools and vocational schools. Public schools areRead MoreGlobal Marketing : Global Brand, Indian Brands, Product, Branding Strategies Essay1512 Words   |  7 Pages Sheetal Soi Assistant Professor in Commerce Khalsa College for Women Civil lines, Ldh. E mail: Contact No. 9855910203 IGNITING GLOBAL INDIAN BRAND- AN ABSOLUTE NECESSITY ABSTRACT Branding has been around for centuries as a means to distinguish the goods of one producer from those of another. Brand Building process is a value addition technique which projects the image of the product, the company and the country at large. Branding is more powerful than it is normallyRead MoreIndigo Airways Success Story1610 Words   |  7 PagesIndiGo taking a giant leap to become India s largest airline in July was just an one-liner: The airline, he said, never chased market share, but being the largest in the world s largest democracy is humbling. Like its President, IndiGo also seems to prefer its performance to do all the talking and has stuck to the basics. Example: Till sometime back, the airline didn t advertise and preferred to bank on word of mouth publicity to its signature cocktail of on-time performance, clean aircraft, goodRead MoreCivil Disobedience Is Not Safe For The People Living Around The Reactor2109 Words   |  9 PagesWhen is an act of civil disobedience just or unjust? Or better yet, what is a just act of civil disobedience? According to Dr. Martin Luther King Jr in his â€Å"Letter from Birmingham Jail,† â€Å"we who engage in nonviolent direct action are not the creators of tension. We merely bring to the surface the hidden tension that is already alive.† In the case of Greenpeace protestors breaking into Australia’s nuclear plant, their act of civil disobedience is exactly what an act of civil disobedience justly looksRead MoreWhat Does Running A Technology Practice A Modern Agency Look Like?3397 Words   |  14 PagesIncubation Building mobile, 3D/VR, and other capabilities in-house would be a great asset to the company. By building a small incubator we can attract talent for pennies, as long as we supply the facilities and exposure. Some tech to explore would be: i. Emerging Technologies 1. Microsoft HoloLens (dev kits ship in the spring) 2. Oculus Rift (DK2 available now, Consumer Version expected this year) 3. Samsung Gear VR (already out) ii. Interactive Advertising and Measurement 1. Reactive ad displays 2Read MoreHow Technology Has Changed Our Future1833 Words   |  8 PagesIntroduction Many achievements have been accomplished in recent decades in almost every area of technology in connection to engineering, computer science, manufacturing, medicine, and etc. In today s current times, technology impacts individuals directly or indirectly from laptop to smart phones usage for personal use, at work, home and school. College students have been directly influence by the new technology in their studies since now day’s personal laptop is a requirement for certain classesRead MoreMechanical Engineering Career Paper7307 Words   |  30 PagesEngineeringRobert MolinowskiVocollect703 Rodi Road, Pittsburgh, PA, 15235(412) 829-8145 | | | | | Pd. 6/7 Career Paper December 15, 2011 Mechanical Engineering According to projected job employment in the year, 2018, mechanical engineering will have an estimated quarter of a million jobs nationwide. This is an increase of roughly 6% between 2008 and 2018. As the need for better, more economical necessities, a need for mechanical engineersRead MoreOnline or Traditional Shopping Method?5174 Words   |  21 PagesOnline or Traditional Shopping Method? Which one do UNA students prefer? The purpose of this study is to analyze the traditional shopping method and the online shopping method to conclude which one UNA students prefer. We will also analyze the different factors influencing both methods. 2010 Name: Christopher Benett ProgressID: 1053442 Major: Internet-Based Information Systems Course: Research Writing and Presentation Lecturer: Monique M.B. Emelina-Pieter MBA Date: 30 April, 2010 Table of ContentsRead MoreThe History and Development of the Internet1937 Words   |  8 Pagescharge discourse, disseminate, and let your perspectives be heard by numerous diverse individuals. Since the Internet is something that is utilized broadly all far and wide as a global and open space to correspond and trade data with others, I accept that the legislature doesnt have the right to control any data discovered on the web. It is vital to think about everybodys assumptions in light of the fact that they are fundamental to settle on the best choices in legislating the nation. At

Skin Deep Response Free Essays

Jasmine Cardenas October 17, 2012 English 1000C Professor Bell Skin Deep 1. Since a young boy Dane was not taught about any other races than that of his own. Dane’s family raised him to believe he was superior over other races. We will write a custom essay sample on Skin Deep Response or any similar topic only for you Order Now His grandfather and great grandfather both fought in the Confederacy and were both very racist Caucasian men. Dane states directly to the other teens in the group, â€Å"no way I can step back and change that,† meaning his grandparents that were involved in the Confederacy. Because Dane was raised in a mainly racist family and dominantly white neighborhood he was brought up to think he was better than those children and teens of other races. He was raised to believe that everyone in mankind has struggles in their own way but does realize that minorities have a harder time with these everyday struggles. Dane states in one of his conversations with other college students that, â€Å"life is rough† and that should be able to handle their situation on their own. This is a connection I made between Dane’s early life experiences and his struggles to make sense of his own racial identity. I feel as though Dane’s early life at home impacted his views of interactions with other students at the workshop. 2. Tammy was raised in an all white neighborhood but at the same time realized the struggles and racism toward minorities. I feel as though Tammy is in the Pseudo-Independent stage of Beverly Daniel Tatum’s â€Å"Racial Identity Development† model. I think Tammy’s in this developmental stage because she was very aware of the conflicts that minorities faced in that time period; she was also very concerned and wanted to learn more about the feelings of those from other cultures. She doesn’t believe that Whites are â€Å"superior† to any other race and she wanted to make a change in herself and in her neighborhood. Tammy wants to connect with those of other races but others don’t take to it well because she is white and many young minds believed that all Caucasians were racist. It was very difficult for Tammy to get her point across in group discussions because she felt so strongly about the subject. Tammy stated, â€Å"my family taught me an honest day’s work, and honest day’s pay†¦but I’ve come to realize that for some culture’s in our society that’s not true they have to work twice as hard and are being taught they can’t do something. † This quote really set it apart for me in figuring out which developmental stage Tammy belonged in. How to cite Skin Deep Response, Essay examples

Friday, April 24, 2020

Want and Ambition Essay Example

Want and Ambition Essay 1. What spring in to your mind when you hear the word ambition? Whenever I hear the word ambition as if there’s someone beside me and telling to take actions! I have so many ambitions in life that I need to fulfill. These ambitions will help me to strive harder and reach the goal to be a successful one. 2. Are you ambitious? Yes, I am ambitious. Definitely I am, we all need to accept the facts that people meant to be ambitious to take harder or strive to get what we goal in life. People who are â€Å"ambitious† are viewed sometimes as either selfish or unrealistic. But still no matter how we look on it, there are no such bad things in having ambition. All we need to do is admit it to ourselves and give ourselves permission to pursue it. 4. Who is the most ambitious person you know? I am ambitious person; I have many ambitions in life that I need to fulfill. I knew inside me that I have many things I want to have or achieve. In family, career and even in fame there are a lot of these ambitions in my life. 5. We will write a custom essay sample on Want and Ambition specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Want and Ambition specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Want and Ambition specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer What were your ambitions when you were a child? When I was small, I was dreaming to become a journalist. Whenever I hear someone reporting on television I will face in front of the mirror and will hold anything and pretend that it’s a microphone and start repeating the message that the reporter stated on the news. Later on I decided that I would like to build a big shop where kids would be able to find everything they needed so as their dreams would come true. My parents were always smiling at me, charmed by my high ambitions in life. While growing, I started to form more  definite picture of my future  and was almost sure that I want to be a diplomat. 7. What ambition do you have that you think youll realize and wont realize? 8. Why do you have ambitions? I have my ambition because, having ambition in hard times like things are not going well, will lead me to get myself out of them and find happiness and success. If we have no ambition in our life, we have no drive for anything. Nothing will seem important. 9. What’s the different between ambition and a dream? To dream is without effort as if your only dreaming for an impossible thing to happen while ambition you have to take step by step to reach each of your ambition and take risks to fulfill all of these. 10. What ambition have you held the longest? The ambition I held the longest in real life is to graduate in a diplomat with a degree holder. Wherein I can find a good job to help my parents and provide them own house and live with a happy and contented life. 11. What happens after you have fulfilled all your ambitions? The best is when the source of ambition becomes my desire to reach my big goal or to fulfill my life in purpose. The only thing that will happen after fulfilling my ambition is contentment. 12. What do you think it feels like to fulfill a lifetime ambition? I think it feels like I am the happiest person and will having a peaceful mind. Of course everyone is asking and striving to reach a lifetime ambition. And if that happens to me and in God’s will, I’ll thank him.

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Perception †An analytic comparison of Corn and Berger

Perception – An analytic comparison of Corn and Berger Free Online Research Papers Perception is the single most important thing that differentiates us from everyone else in the world. Every living being has a unique mental ability and this ability leads to their perception of things. One of life’s facets where it plays an important role is art. It is often times debated whether the perception of a piece of art should in fact be left up to an observer or should be left top an artist. This has been a heated topic of discussion for art critics like Corn and Berger, Berger believing that lack of perception defies the basis of art itself, and Corn being under the impression that the wrong perception could be detrimental to the work. The topic in fact has been more of a debate between the critiques rather than the artists’ themselves. The two art historians which will be discussed in the following paragraphs are Wanda.M.Corn and John Berger. The essay will be a comparative analysis of their respective articles â€Å"The birth of a national icon† and â€Å"The changing view of a man in a portrait.† John Berger’s article â€Å"The changing view of a man in a portrait† was a critical comparison of the historic art of portraiture and the developing art of photography. He described how portraits were basically a measure of a person’s social significance through out history and did not provide an insight into the personality as believed by most. Photographs, according to Berger are accurate and accessible, and portraits were reserved to the elite. Portraits do in fact present a sense of unity and were less arbitrary. However they only showed one viewpoint. Overall, he claims that portraits lack individuality that is important for a renewal of it’s credibility in the modern world of art. His analysis is a clear example of the comparison he based most of his works on-modern against ancient art. Although commonly known as a novelist and an art historian, Berger, was an artist himself, in both his ways and his teachings. He attended the London School of Art as well as the Chelsea School of Art in London, becoming an art critic while teaching drawing later. His rigid views about modern art led to his controversial persona that became more imminent with his exceedingly Marxist views and criticism of the government. Being very critical of even his home town, London, he stated, â€Å"London is a teenager, an urchin, and, in this, hasnt changed since the time of Dickens.† His artistic romanticism caused him to go into a voluntary exile to small city in France, where he is spending his life right now. Ironically enough, this is a testimony of the importance he gives to the artists’ perspective. Even if the object is real life the artist can adopt it to his ideal and it will be apparent in the final piece, to everyone, and not just the artist himself. For instant, if the artist was painting a portrait which would be preserved as a piece of historic art-he would be sure to paint the figure as a grand and enigmatic one. Portraits of people like Voltaire, Kaiser Ferdinand and Christopher Columbus would have to make so that they looked powerful and majestic- a blatantly real portrayal maybe would have not been as impressive and imposing. Thus if we view these portraits, our opinion will be based on something that is already opinionated-hence making ours a secondary opinion, not to mention a not too precise one. On the other hand, photographs might be able to make something seem like it isn’t through differences in lights and pictures captured in abrupt moments, but they s till offer a better perspective. They leave more up to an observer than a portrait does. Corn, however, would disagree. That is exactly what she talks about in her essay â€Å"The birth of a national icon†. It is an analysis of Wood’s unusual depiction of the Mid-western culture through his works of art. The main focus of the essay is on the â€Å"American Gothic†, initially characterized as a curt depiction of Wood’s mid-western childhood and his European influence, which became a symbol of treasuring the American history. The Victorian paintings, with their symmetry and simplicity, are ironic in the sense that they are general to the viewer but specific to the artist’s history. The author basically claims that Wood caused a revival of the Mid-western history through his different style of painting, his works remaining an icon for generations to come. She greatly stresses on the point that wrong perception of this work of art caused people to believe it is a satire instead of what she really believed it was- a depiction of the mid-western culture in the true sense, basically a national icon. Her essay was also very well researched as shown by her credentials that follow. She is a significantly famous art historian and a recent art professor in Stanford University. Her area of interest has been in the field of American art, cultural traditionalism and revival of art lost through wrong perception. Wood has been one the artists that she has widely analyzed, mainly because of her patriotic nature. For Berger, his views on the importance of perspective aren’t his thesis-but he makes it obvious throughout his essay. The essay shows his apparent approval of photography over portraiture-merely because portraiture leaves too much power in the hands of the artist. For instance he says â€Å"If the portraitist’s intention is to flatter or idealize, he will be able to do so far more convincingly with a painting than with a photograph.†(61, Berger) This clearly leads to the conclusion that a portrait is based on the artist; it is the vision of the artist that impresses us not the subject. Photographs on the other hand have â€Å"the interpretative role of the photographer† (60, Berger) while leaving enough room for the observer to think on their own. Wanda.M.Corn argues in favor of the artists’ perspective throughout her essay. She talks about two basic wrong perceptions about the American Gothic; first â€Å"the painting’s most important sources are European† (81, Corn) and the second being that â€Å"the work is satirical† (82, Corn). She goes on to clearly explain the style of painting that Wood used to prove her point that the work was indeed a representation of the mid western culture-a much worked upon national icon. She talks about how the wrong perception would have lead people to ridicule this piece-taking it as a joke, and hence its essence would have been lost forever. Wood, however has no problems with the people’s different perspectives about his paintings-it is as if he got his share of satisfaction out of just creating those pieces of art. Corn is much more passionate and believes that the artist is also responsible for pursuing his or her work to see it holds its original essence while being judged or viewed. The artist under consideration here is Grant Wood. Corn basically shows an in depth knowledge of his work and history. Wood, initially thought to be influenced by the European culture, was in fact celebrating the Mid-Western history through the American Gothic. He was influenced by a Victorian style house that he had seen in western America. Then he got his dentist and his sister to dress up in the appropriate mid-western clothes and pose as father and daughter. Here again, Corn’s idea comes into play. The artist had intended to portray the two as father and daughter but people ended up perceiving them as husband and wife. This perception has stuck thereon. However, Wood made no effort to correct people. It was those who analyzed him, like Corn that went into the details and figured out the reality. Wood would have been appreciated by Berger. Berger believes an artist should leave room for others to form a view point about his artwork, which is exactly what Wood does in this c ase. This also leads us into a discussion of art forms and how certain art forms are more susceptible to perception than others. For instance if a person draws a simple object like a ball, there really isn’t a wide spread case of perception that would be linked to it. A ball is a ball after all. But if an artist draws a ball amongst a pattern of lines or scenery in the background, observers might be able to form an idea about what the artist was trying to portray. Therefore, modern and contemporary art is more likely to draw different conclusions than figure drawing or fine arts. Berger appears to be more in favor of modern or conclusion-drawing art. He even takes portraiture, which is an elaborate form of real life drawing, and explains how everyone is supposed to draw the same conclusion from it. Artists try to include their own perspective in it but they make sure that the result is much unified so that the conclusion obtained would be very much the same. That is why Berger is a gainst portraiture and more in favor of photography-a more modern form of art. Corn on the other hand, would be against modern art because it would allow the observers to massacre the artist’s painting by forming an idea completely different to that intended by the artist. Perception is very important-and it is lack of insight that leads to loss of individuality. After all if everyone thought about everything in the same way, there really would be no need for the population that the world supports today. This is what Berger makes apparent. Portraits, although great works of art, did not truly leave a sense of perception to the viewer. They were very conclusive from the artists’ point of view. Corn’s point with American Gothic, though well proved, is very subjective. It works in a way for the American Gothic, but not for most other pieces of art. Plus the lack of interest that Wood has in this claim leads me to believe that maybe even artists believe that the perception should be left up to the viewer. After their work of art is complete, they have accomplished their task. The rest is up to the one who looks at it. After all if we weren’t making art for the observer and his perspective, who would, we be making it for? Then again som e might â€Å"perceive† art to have no purpose at all! â€Å"Perception is strong and sight weak. In strategy it is important to see distant things as if they were close and to take a distanced view of close things.† - Miyamoto Musashi Research Papers on Perception - An analytic comparison of Corn and BergerHip-Hop is ArtAssess the importance of Nationalism 1815-1850 EuropeEffects of Television Violence on ChildrenPersonal Experience with Teen PregnancyCanaanite Influence on the Early Israelite Religion19 Century Society: A Deeply Divided EraBringing Democracy to AfricaRelationship between Media Coverage and Social andInfluences of Socio-Economic Status of Married MalesCapital Punishment

Sunday, March 1, 2020

From Atlas to Atlanticists

From Atlas to Atlanticists From Atlas to Atlanticists From Atlas to Atlanticists By Mark Nichol Intrigued by a reference to the political term Atlanticism, heretofore unbeknownst to me, I researched the history of the name of the ocean that separates the western and eastern hemispheres. This post defines and discusses these and related terms. Atlanticism, a term coined in 1950, refers to the concept of cooperation between the United States (and, to a lesser extent, Canada) and the countries of Europe, an idea that developed during World War II and was codified in the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in 1949. An advocate of the belief that this relationship is fundamental to geopolitical stability is an Atlanticist. The term, of course, is based on the name of the Atlantic Ocean, the body of water that separates North America and Europe. But where does Atlantic come from? That word, in reference to the seas beyond the Pillars of Hercules (a poetic name for the portal of the Mediterranean Ocean), dates to the classical Greek era and derives from the name of Atlas, a Titan who is said to have been condemned by the Olympic gods to hold up the heavens in perpetuity. (Titan is often depicted bearing Earth on his shoulders, but this image is based on confusion of the sky as a celestial sphere with a planetary globe.) This myth is associated with the Atlas Mountains, located in northwest Africa and flanking the southern side of the Pillars of Hercules, which metaphorically brace the sky. Because illustrations of Atlas were often prominently featured on illustrated maps during the Age of Exploration (starting in the fifteenth century), bound collections of maps came to be called atlases. (The origin of Atlas’s name is disputed; it is said to be either from a Proto-Indo-European root meaning â€Å"uphold† or a Berber word for mountain.) Another name derived from Atlas, by way of Atlantic, is Atlantis. This was the name Plato gave to an imaginary island employed allegorically in one of his philosophical commentaries. Unfortunately, later readers misinterpreted this fictional location as a real one, and pseudoscientific speculation has run rampant ever since, to the point that Atlantis is held up as a psychically and spiritually fueled utopia that tragically met its end by divinely caused inundation. (The name for an inhabitant of Atlantis is Atlantean.) Transatlantic (compare transpacific) describes something pertaining to a connection between the western and eastern hemispheres. Atlanta, the name of the capital of Georgia, resulted from the originally suggested designation Atlantica-Pacifica, inspired by the names of the oceans bordering the United States. (The name of the Pacific Ocean is from the adjective pacific, meaning â€Å"peaceful,† ultimately from the Latin word pax, meaning â€Å"peace.†) Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Vocabulary category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Using "a" and "an" Before WordsSocial vs. SocietalThrew and Through

Friday, February 14, 2020

An attempt to Find Midway between Utopian Sunshine and Foucauldian Essay

An attempt to Find Midway between Utopian Sunshine and Foucauldian Gloom - Essay Example Among the two stream of thoughts, the first one is the group of optimistic people referred as Utopian sunshine, who see the concept as highly practicable. Driver says that the more optimistic side may be populated by practitioners and consultants who are looking to sell their advice to client organisations and therefore not interested in pursuing the more critical aspect of the learning organization (Denton, 1998 cited in Driver, 2002, p. 34). On the opponent’s side are the people called Faucauldian gloom, who find this concept as no better than a ‘psychic prison’. Explaining who all can be finding the concept as impracticable, Driver says that the more pessimistic side may be populated by academics looking for publish and therefore problematize an overly critical view of learning organization without any interest in the practicality of some of their suggestions (Denton, 1998 cited in Driver, 2002, p. 34). The difference of opinion among the two groups is on three organisational dimensions which are control, ideology and painful employee experience that they go through for giving the competitive edge to the organisation. Regarding the concept of the learning organisation, Driver comments that the lack of clarity with regard to the exact definition and theoretical conceptualization of a learning organization has been a common problem (Denton, 1998 cited in Driver, 2002, p. 36).... All these qualities claim to make the learning organisation an exceptional place. Needless to say, this is in stark contrast to the traditional bureaucratic organisations that believe in concentration of knowledge, power and decision-making. This does not mean that a learning organisation does not have any kind of control. Regarding the managerial control in a learning organisation, Driver says that while the learning organisation may have few traditional managerial controls, it is not completely free of managerial control (Starkey, 1998 cited in Driver, 2002, p. 39). In other words, the shared values in tightly knit ‘communities of learners’ (Edmondson, 1996 cited in Driver, 2002, p. 39) serve as internalized controls in which employees conform because they share the same views and values rather than they fear or respect external controls imposed on them by management (Mills and Friesen, 1992, Smith and Tosey, 1999, cited in Driver, 2002, p. 39). Building a learning org anisation requires change in the basic culture of an organisation; a transformation from traditional bureaucratic organisation that helps them imbibe the benefits mentioned in the concept of learning organisation. However, organisational culture does not develop in days, week or months. Hence such a dramatic change would also consume a lot of time. Also there will be managers who would have to share their knowledge to the employees. There is a famous saying that knowledge is power. Power or control is not something that a normal human being would like to lose so easily. Hence the top managers of the transforming organisation, who are to lose power, social stature and monetary